Antenatal Care | 17 Essential Prenatal Test
Antenatal Care

Antenatal Care | 17 Essential Prenatal Test

You will have to undergo various tests during your pregnancy which are useful for Antenatal Care:

Make your pregnancy safe
To examine and assess the development and overall health of you and your child.
Screening of some unusual conditions.

There is no rule that you should do all tests. But it is necessary for you to have information so that if you need any of them, you can discuss it with your doctor and decide if you have it.

Various blood tests, ultrasound scans, and tests are done to check the health of your baby before it is known as a screening test during pregnancy.

Recommended Hand Book:

Pregnancy and Birth Everything You Need to Know: Your Developing Baby, Antenatal Care, and Childbirth Choices

Routine Prenatal Testing: Antenatal Care

Antenatal Care | 17 Essential Prenatal Test
Antenatal Care | 17 Essential Prenatal Test

Blood tests: On your first antenatal visit, your doctor will advise you to have a blood test and your blood sample is tested for hemoglobin, blood group, rubella immunity, hepatitis B, HIV, hepatitis C, and syphilis.

Blood Group Identification: Your blood group is identified through it so that if you need a blood transfusion, your doctor can do it immediately. There are three types A, B, AB, and O.

RH factor: The rhesus factor is a very important blood feature and it tells us whether your blood and your baby’s blood are mixed well. If you and your blood group are different, it causes serious problems such as infant death.

Hemoglobin: This test helps to know the hemoglobin level of your blood, which is necessary for the supply of oxygen to your body’s cells. If your hemoglobin level is low, your doctor will give you iron pills.

Rubella: This test identifies whether you have antibodies to the rubella virus in your blood that have been created by your body in response to a rubella infection or vaccination. Doctors can know if you are immune to the rubella virus.

Syphilis: It is a sexually transmitted infection and if left untreated, miscarriage, childbirth, or childbirth occur within a short time of delivery. If you have syphilis, it should be treated immediately to protect your child.

Hepatitis B test: If you have the virus, it will spread widely to your child if you do not cause jaundice to your child. If you are positive with the Hepatitis B test, your child is given an injection of immunoglobulin within 12 hours of their birth.

Hepatitis C: This virus damages the liver. If you are hepatitis C positive, you can cause your baby to be underweight at birth, pre-term delivery, and other abnormalities.

HIV: This virus can spread to your baby in your womb, during delivery, or through your breast milk. If you have doubts about acquiring HIV infection through sexual contact or injecting drugs, you should seek treatment and prevent the passage of the virus to the child.

Urine test: Your doctor will check for the presence of any bladder or urinary tract infection. If not treated immediately with antibiotics, it can lead to serious kidney infections and complicated pregnancy.

Glucose Screening Test: This test helps to know if you have a condition of gestational diabetes. It occurs during pregnancy and if it is left untreated, your baby may grow very large and have trouble breathing after birth. If you are positive for this test, your doctor will treat you with an insulin injection and put you on a special diet.

Pap smear test: In this test, cells are collected from your cervix and viewed under the microscope for the presence of any cancerous changes. When you receive this test on a regular basis, your cervical cancer risk can already be detected and treated.

Prenatal tests can be either screening tests or diagnostic tests | Antenatal Care

Screening test: These tests help you know if your child is more likely to develop problems. They did not harm you or your child.
they include:

Nuclear translucency screening: This is an initial ultrasound test performed to detect your child’s risk of Down syndrome, a genetic defect where the child has heart failure, hearing and vision problems, intellectual disability, and developmental delays. it occurs. This is the result of an abnormal division of cells which is the result of additional genetic material from chromosome 21.

Maternal Serum Screening: This is a blood test performed to find out the risk of neural tube defects such as Down syndrome and spina bifida.
Combined nasal translucent examination and maternal serum screening: This test also detects the risk of Down syndrome.

Ultrasound: It is used as an ultrasound to show whether the child has a problem.

Diagnostic tests: These are tests that can tell if your child has a particular problem. If you are more likely to have a child with a problem, they are offered to you. There is a small possibility of miscarriage with these tests.

They include:

Chorionic villus sampling CVS: This prenatal test is used to identify any birth defects, inherited genetic diseases, and other diseases of your baby during pregnancy. A small sample of chorionic cells is taken from the placenta for testing. Down syndrome, Edward syndrome, or Patau syndrome are tested by this test.

Amniocentesis: This test is given to check for abnormalities of any fetus or birth defects such as Down syndrome, cystic fibrosis, or spina bifida. This is done in 16 to 20 weeks of your pregnancy.

Fetal Blood DNA Sampling: A small amount of blood sample is collected from you and your baby and tested for chromosomal problems such as Down syndrome, trisomy 13, and trisomy 18. It can also help in knowing the gender of your child.

Ultrasound: It is safe for both you and your baby and it develops the developing baby, uterus, and placenta using sound waves.

Why did Ultrasound require for Antenatal Care?

Common reasons for performing an ultrasound are
To check if your baby is in good health
To know the number of babies developing in your womb
To know your gestational age
The development and physical development of the child is checked.
For monitoring complications such as bleeding, fluid loss, high blood pressure, or gestational diabetes.
To know the placental status and to assess the amount of amniotic fluid.
To check the placenta health.

Prashant Kumar

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